Israel, a Middle Eastern country on the Mediterranean Sea, is regarded by Jews, Christians and Muslims as the biblical Holy Land.

Its most sacred sites are in Jerusalem.

Within its Old City, the Temple Mount complex includes the Dome of the Rock shrine, the historic Western Wall, Al-Aqsa Mosque and the Church of the Holy Sepulchre.

Israel’s financial hub, Tel Aviv, is known for its Bauhaus architecture and beaches.

1. Galilee


Galilee is a region in northern Israel.

Traditionally refers to the mountainous part and divided into Upper Galilee and Lower Galilee.

In the modern common usage Galilee refers to all of the Israeli area that is beyond Mount Carmel to the northeast, extending from Dan to the north.

Adt the base of Mount Hermon, along Mount Lebanon to the ridges of Mount Carmel and Mount Gilboa north of Jenin to the south.

As well as from the Jordan Rift Valley to the east across the plains of the Jezreel Valley and Acre to the shores of the Mediterranean Sea and the coastal plain in the west.

Including Beth Shean’s valley, Sea of Galilee’s valley, and Hula Valley, although practically it usually does not include Haifa’s immediate northern suburbs.

By this definition it overlaps with much of the administrative Northern District of the country. Western Galilee is a common term referring to the western part of the Upper Galilee and its shore.

It is also the northwestern part of the Lower Galilee, mostly overlapping with Acre sub district.

2. Haifa


Haifa is a northern Israeli port city built in tiers extending from the Mediterranean up the north slope of Mount Carmel.

The city’s most iconic sites are the immaculately landscaped terraces of the Baha Gardens and at their heart, the gold-domed Shrine of the Bab.

At the foot of the gardens lies the German Colony, with shops, galleries and restaurants in 19-century buildings.

In the hilltop Carmel district, the Louis Promenade provides panoramic views.

On the western edge of Mount Carmel, the Stella Maris Monastery has a 19-century church known for its colorful interior.

Near the monastery is an aerial cable car that travels down to the Bat Galim Beach Promenade where you can stroll and dine along the waterfront.

Along the western coast, Dado Beach is popular.

Elsewhere, the Haifa Museum Of Art exhibits contemporary works and the Israel National Museum of Science, Technology and Space presents interactive displays

3. Jerusalem


Jerusalem – a Middle Eastern city west of the Dead Sea – has been a place of pilgrimage and worship for Jews, Christians and Muslims since the biblical era.

Its Old City has significiant religious sites around the Temple Mount compound, including the Western Wall (sacred to Judaism), the Church of the Holy Sepulchre (a Christian pilgrimage site) and the Dome of the Rock (a 7th-century Islamic shrine with a gold dome).

The walled Old City is accessed by Damascus Gate and Jaffa Gate, near the Tower of David, or Citadel.

It is also home to lead-domed Ai-Aqsa, one of Islam’s holiest mosques.

Its narrow alleys contain jumbled Arab bazaars, sidewalk cafes and carts selling traditional street food like falafel.

Modern Jerusalem has the Israel Museum, exhibiting archaeological finds and Judaica like the Dead Sea Scrolls, the Holocaust memorial Yad Vashem and the L.A. Mayer Memorial Museum of Islamic Art.

4. Nazareth


Nazareth is the capital and the largest city in the Northern District of Israel.

It is known as the Arab capital of Israel.

In 2015 its population was 75,726.

The inhabitants are predominantly Arab citizens of Israel, of whom 69% are Muslims and 30.9% Christian.

Nazareth Illit is built alongside old Nazareth, and had a Jewish population of 40,312 in 2014.

The Jewish sector was declared a separate city in June 1974.

In the New Testament, the city is described as the childhood home of Jesus, and as such is a center of Christian pilgrimage, with many shrines commemorating biblical events.

5. Tel Aviv

Tel Aviv

Tel Aviv, a city on Israel’s Mediterranean coast, is marked by stark 1930s Bauhaus buildings, thousands of which are clustered in the White City architectural area.

Museums include Beit Hatfutsot, whose multimedia exhibits illustrate the history of Jewish communities worldwide.

The Eretz Israel Museum covers the country’s archaelogy, folklore and crafts, and features an on-site excavation of 12-century-B.C. ruins.

The Tel Aviv Museum of Art highlights Israeli and European modernism, with notable works by French impressionists and Pable Picasso.

The city is also known for its accessible beaches and vibrant nightlife ranging from Lillenblum Street’s lounges to Dizengoff Street’s open-air cafes.

Tel Aviv Port’s waterfront promenade is lined with shops and restaurants, and the chick Neve Tzedek neighbourhood has high-end fashion boutiques.

The metropolitan area include the once-separate town of Jaffa, whose Old City is a maze of galleries, Crusader ruins, flea markets and minarets.

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