Germany is a Western European country with a landscape of forests, rivers, mountain ranges and North Sea beaches.

It has over 2 millennia of history. Berlin, its capital, is home to art and nightlife scenes, the Brandenburg Gate and many sites relating to WWII.

Munich is known for its Oktoberfest and beer halls, including the 16th-century Hofbräuhaus. Frankfurt, with its skyscrapers, houses the European Central Bank.

1. Berlin


Berlin, Germany’s capital, dates to the 13th century.

Reminders of the city’s turbulent 20th-century history include its Holocaust memorial and the Berlin Wall’s gratifited remains.

Divided during the Cold War, its 18th century Brandenburg Gate has become a symbol of reunification.

The city is also known for its art scene and modern landmarks like the gold-colored, swoop-roofted Berliner Philharmonie, built in 1963.

2. Dusseldorf


Dusseldorf is a city in western Germany known for its fashion industry and art scene.

It is divided by the Rhine River, with its Altstadt (Old Town) on the east bank and modern commerical areas to the west.

In the Altstadt, St Lambertus Church and Schlossturm (Castle Tower) both date to the 13th century.

Streets such as Konigsallee and Schadowstrasse are lined with boutique shops.

3. Frankfurt


Frankfurt, a central German city on the river Main, is a major financial hub that is home ot the European Central Bank.

It is the birthplace of famed writer Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, whose former home is now hte Goethe House Museum.

Like much of the city, it was damaged during World War II and later rebuilt.

The reconstructed Altstadt (Old Town) is the site of the Romerberg, a square that hosts an annual Christmas market.

4. Hamburg


Hamburg, a major port in northern Germany, is connected to the North Sea by the Elbe River.

It is crossed by hundreds of canals and also contains large areas of parkland.

Near its core, Inner Alster take is dotted with boats and surrounded by cafes.

The city’s central Jungfernstieg boulevard connects the Neustadt (new town) with the Altstadt (old town), home to landmarks like the 18th century St Michael’s Church.

5. Munich


Munich, Bavaria’s captial, is home ot centuries-old buildings and numerous museums.

The city is known for its annual Oktoberfest celebration and its beer halls, including the famed Hofbrauhaus, founded in 1589.

In the Altstadt (Old Town), central Marienplatz square contains landmarks such as Neo-Gothnic Neues Rathaus (town area), with a popular glockenspiel show that chimes and reenacts stories from the 16th century.

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