Canada is a North American country stretching from the US in the south to the Arctic Circle in the north.
Major cities include massive Toronto, west coast film centre Vancouver, French-speaking Montreal and Quebec City and capital city Ottawa.
Canada’s vast swaths of wilderness include lake-filled Baniff National Park in the Rocky Mountains.
It is also home to Niagara Falls, a famous group of massive waterfalls.
Calgary, a cosmopolitan Alberta city with numerous skyscrapers, owes its rapid growth to its status as the centre of Canada’s oil industry.
However, it is still steeped in the western culture that earned it the nickname Cowtown, evident in the Calgary Stampede, its massive July rodeo and festival that grew out of the farming exhibitions once presented here.
Edmonton, capital of Canada’s Alberta province, sits on the North Saskatchewan River.
Its past is recreated at Fort Edmonton Park, a living history museum with an 1846 fort and streets from 1885, 1905 and 1920.
The city’s contemporary landmarks include the Royal Alberta Museum, with aboriginal-culture and natural-history galleries, and the futuristic-looking Art Gallery of Alberta, known for its First Nations art.
Montreal is the largest city in Canada’s Quebec province.
It is set on an island in the Saint Lawrence River and named after Mt Royal, the triple-peaked hill at its heart.
Its boroughs, many of which were once independent cities, include neighbourhoods ranging from cobblestoned, French colonial Vieux-Montreal – with the Gothic Revival Notre-Dame Basilica at its centre – to bohemian Plateau.
4. Quebec City
Quebec City sits on the Saint Lawrence River in Canada’s mostly French-speaking Quebec province.
Dating to 1608, it has a fortified colonial core.
Vieux-Quebec and Place Royale, with stone buildings and narrow streets.
This area is the site of the towering Chateau Frontenac Hotel and imposing Citadelle of Quebec.
The Petit Champion district’s cobblestone streets are lined with bistros and boutiques.
Toronto, the capital of the province of Ontario, is a major Canadian city along Lake Ontario’s northeastern shore.
It is a dynamic metropolis with a core of soaring skyscrapers, all dwarfed by the iconic CN Tower.
Toronto also has many green spaces, from the orderly oval of Queen’s Park to 400-acre High Park and its trails, sports facillities and zoo.
Vancouver, a bustling west coast seaport in British Columbia, is among Canada’s densest, most ethnically diverse cities.
A popular filming location, it is surrounded by mountains, and also has thriving art, theatre and music scenes.
Vancouver Art Gallery is known for its works by regional artists, while the Museum of Anthropology houses preeminent First Nations collections.