Australia is a country and continent surrounded by the Indian and Pacific oceans.

Its major cities – Sydney, Brisbane, Melbourne, Perth and Adelaide are coastal while capital, Canberra, is inland.

The country is known for its Sydney Opera House, the Great Barrier Reef, a vast interior desert wilderness called the Outback and unique animal species like kangaroos and duck-billed platypuses.

1. Sydney


Sydney, captial of New South Wales and one of Australia’s largest cities, is best known for its harbourfront Sydney Opera House, with a distinctive sail-like design.

Massive Darling Harbour and the smaller Circular Quay port are hubs of waterside life, with the arched Harbour Bridge and esteemed Royal Botanic Garden nearby.

Sydney’s outdoor platform, the Skywalk, offers 360-degree views of the city and suburbs.

2. Melbourne


Melbourne is the coastal capital of the southeastern Australian state of Victoria.

At the city’s centre is the modern Federation Square development, with plazas, bars and restaurants by the Yarra River.

In the Southbank area, the Melbourne Arts Precinct is the site of Arts Centre Melbourne – a performing arts complex – and the National Gallery of Victoria, with Australian and indigenous art.

3. Gold Coast

Gold Coast

The Gold Coast is a metropolitan region-south of Brisbane on Australia’s east coast.

It is famed for its long sandy beaches, surfing spots and elaborate system of inland canals and waterways.

It is also home to theme parks such as Dreamland, Sea World and Wet’n’Wild.

Inland, hiking trails crisscross Lamington National Park’s mountain ridges and valleys, home to rare birds and rainforest.

4. Cairns


Cairns, considered the gateway to Australia’s Great Barrier Reef, is a city in tropical North Queensland.

Its Tjapukai Aboriginal Cultural Park tells th stories of indigenous Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people with music and dance.

Cairns Esplanade, lined in bars and restaurants, has a saltwater swimming lagoon.

Northwest of the city, Daintree National Park spans mountainous rainforest. gorges and beaches.

5. Brisbane


Brisbane, capital of Queensland, is a large city on the Brisbane River.

Clustered in its South Bank cultural precinct are the Queensland Museum and Sciencentre, with noted interactive exhibitions.

Another South Bank cultural institution is Queensland Gallery of Modern Art, among Australia’s major contemporary art museums.

Looming over the city is Mt. Coot-tha, site of Brisbane Botanic Gardens.

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